Advice on how to cope with the threat of school shootings

Like older adults who grew up with the imminent threat of nuclear bombs during the cold war, children are now growing up with mass shootings — the new normal.

Since the Columbine massacre in 1999, kids began participating in school lockdown and active-shooter drills. Some also face metal detectors, bulletproof Shelter-In-Place bunkers and other security measures in their schools. Classrooms no longer seem like a safe place and this stress may be impacting our children’s long-term health and development.

Victor Carrion, MD, a professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford, studies the interplay between brain development and stress vulnerability. In a recent Stanford Magazine article, he offers some advice on how families can cope with the stress of school safety:

  • Parents should proactively talk with their child about difficult topics in a developmentally sensitive way.
  • If parents are worried about their child’s stress level, they should look for a change in function. Very young children can become clingier. Older kids often convert depression or anxiety into physical symptoms like a stomach ache or headache. And adolescents frequently withdraw.
  • School drills should include three steps: a school orientation about the drill, the actual drill practice, and a follow-up discussion to help children process how they felt during the exercise.
  • School administrators, teachers, parents, police and the community need to work together to create an environment where the child feels safe, secure and protected.

This is a reposting of my Scope blog story, courtesy of Stanford School of Medicine.

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